Blueberry Lane: Good Will Ambassadors

blueberry lane rabbit chinchilla guinea pig and bird

(Don’t miss coloring page downloads at the end of chapter two!)

Chapter One

Tick tock, tick tock, tick tock sweeps the minute hand on the clock.

Rasmus rabbit nibbles the paper corner off his writing assignment.

Guinevere twirls a pencil in her long white fur.  She dreams about being a shorthaired guinea pig.  She would spend less time fixing her fur and more time playing.

Pedro taps his paw.  He is anxiously waiting to get his English report card.  He sneaks a snack of Small Pet Select Timothy hay to calm his nerves.   It tastes like the hay he had when he was a baby chinchilla in Peru.

The teacher said, “Rasmus, please read your last poetry assignment to the class.”   Rasmus lifted his head up.  He turned one tall ear to the side then quickly obeyed the teacher.   With a hop to the front of the classroom he proudly read:

One, two, three, four

 The number of bags we pack 

Small enough to fit on our back

Five, six, seven, eight, 

Steps to the train on the iron track 

See the coal smoke from the stack

Nine, ten, eleven, twelve

Ambassadors for pets who have no home

Everyone please adopt so they are not alone.

Ding dong, ding dong, ding dong rings the dismissal bell.  Cheers roar!!  All students, small to tall, rush to wish their friends a happy summer vacation!

Tilly parrot flutters around Blueberry Lane Farm.  She is waiting for Guinevere, Pedro, and Rasmus to arrive home with report cards.   Coral Bell waits by the garden gate to greet them.  She has a surprise for them.  It is a basket of fresh picked parsley and romaine.  Rasmus hops down the lane with Pedro right beside him.  They race to the door excited to eat their afterschool snack.  Meanwhile, Guinevere dilly dallies along picking wild blueberries.   Then she dilly dallies stuffing blueberries in her pack.  Then she dilly dallies to untangle her fur from off the brambles.  Then she gets home late.  She’s always late!

Using her beak, Tilly snatches everyone’s report cards from their back packs.  She flutters upstairs to the library.  Proudly she pins them on Coral Bell’s bulletin board.  Coral Bell has lots of interesting things on her bulletin board.  Tilly sees seed packets, garden notes, and pictures of herbs.

Tilly saw gold star stickers on Rasmus’s report card.  Then she saw the grades on Guinevere’s report card were scribbled out.   The scribbled ink was a different color than the teacher’s ink.   Hmm, Tilly wondered, this was odd.  Why was there scribbling?

Tilly perched on her favorite desk chair.  It has wheels on it.  When she flaps her wings, the chair spins around.  Tilly likes to wonder and think about things while the chair spins.  She remembered Rasmus won a geography contest in school.   That would explain the gold stars, she thought.   Then she remembered Guinevere got in trouble for fussing with her long fur in school.   Her fur always distracts her. Maybe she turns her work in late. Coral Bell always said “Guinevere, stop playing with your fur, you will make us late again!”   Then Tilly would sing “we’re late, we’re late, we’re late for a very important date.”

Now that it’s summer vacation, Tilly wondered if they were going on a trip.  She flapped her wings and flew from one end of the bulletin board to the other.  Yes!  There were travel plans.  Four train tickets, a list of addresses, and a schedule were pinned to the board.  Coral Bell scheduled the group to visit shelters and be ambassadors for pet adoption.   After all, Rasmus, Pedro, Guinevere, and Tilly knew what it was like to be abandoned or lost.  They all remembered a lonely life in a shelter.   They wanted to give back to the community.

Rasmus is an organized bunny.  He planned the first ambassador trip.  They had train tickets to go from Peapack to Philadelphia.  Rasmus told the others they could travel by boat or hot air balloon on the next trip.  It would be more fun that way.  And besides, there would be less traffic.

Thump.  Thump, thump.  Thump, thump, thump.  Rasmus called a group meeting.  He demanded everyone pay attention.  Everyone needs to know the important details.  Everyone needs to have their assignments.   Rasmus reminded the group he got an “A” in geography, so he assigned himself to handle maps and directions.

“Pedro, you are in charge of packing snacks and hay.  Take your time packing.  Don’t get nervous.  When you get nervous you eat too much.   Make sure you pack extra for nervous days.”

“Tilly, you are in charge of our paper stuff:  tickets and travel schedules.  You are the only one who won’t be tempted to shred them.  Don’t worry, I folded the paper stuff very small so it will fit neatly in your little pack.”   Tilly flapped in excitement.  She loved to have a purpose because it gave her confidence.

Tilly could see further than Rasmus, and she secretly wanted to fight him for the map keeper job.   After thinking it over, she decided it was more important to be a team player.

Snoring sounds came from the corner.  Oh dear, Guinevere!  She fell asleep during the important meeting!  Rasmus loudly THUMPED his foot with force.  Guinevere awoke in a startle.  Sleepy and yawning, she rubbed her dark little eyes and rolled over.  She had bed head fur.  That’s when chaos broke out.

Tilly cackled in laughter.  She flapped her green wings, and flew to her perch to get a better view.

Pedro exclaimed, “oh, señorita, your fur is el messo!  eres azul!”

Rasmus ran the bunny-500 around the library then stopped with a quick halt.   “Guinevere, your fur is blue.  There is a blueberry in your ear!   You cannot go on the train with blue fur!  Now you will have to stay home.   Instead, you can weed the garden for Coral Bell when we go to Philadelphia.”

Tears rolled down Guinevere’s cheeks.  She saw her reflection in the window glass.  Her long white fur really was blue.  There really was a plump blueberry in her ear.   Pedro was so nervous, he plucked the blueberry from Guinevere’s ear and ate it.

Tilly flew to the desk chair.  She flapped extra hard so the chair would spin for an extra-long time.  She needed extra thinking time.   All this flapping was hard work for a parrot.  Tilly was in a tizzy.

Rasmus thumped again.   “Calm down everyone.  No need for all the fuss.  It’s settled.  Guinevere can stay home.  Or maybe she can get a wig.   Never mind all that, now it’s time for a nap.”

Chapter Two

Tilly knew she must help Guinevere.  It was too hot to wear a wig.  Besides, where would they get a wig for a guinea pig?  And who would carry Guinevere’s pack?

While the boys napped, Tilly got busy.  She collected a towel, lavender soap, a tea cup of warm water, and a comb.   Then she went to work on Guinevere.   Tilly used her beak to gently scrub away the blueberry stains.  Soap bubbles floated through the air until the blue faded to gray.  Guinevere’s fur smelled fresh and clean, but it had to be combed.  This was the real work.  Tilly used her beak to untangle the knots and pick out some brambles.   Her wet, messy fur looked like a spaghetti factory.  Tilly combed until they both fell asleep for the night.

Thump.  Thump, thump.  Rasmus called an early morning meeting.  This one was urgent.  No time to prepare.  Guinevere stumbled in with her fur still a mess.  Tilly explained it was work in progress.  She stood up for Guinevere and said, “We were up all night washing and grooming her fur.  We’re almost done.   If she can’t go on the trip, then I won’t go either.”

Rasmus turned his tall ears left and right, then toward each other.   His nose twitched.   Tilly hollered, “Rasmus, stop turning your ears.  You are not getting any radio signals doing that.”   Rasmus thumped in denial.

Pedro was feeling nervous.  He ate some basil.  Pedro wanted to speak up. Then he ate some thyme.  He had to be brave.  “Señor, the guinea pig should come.  Her fur es mucho better.”

With all this pressure, Rasmus decided Guinevere could go.  He made her promise to be on time.  He made her promise not to cause a fuss.  He made her promise to have her fur ready early.   Otherwise, Tilly would sing, “we’re late, we’re late, we’re late for a very important date.”

Pedro wanted to help the petite guinea pig.  He gave her wise advice.  “Guinevere, it’s time to put others first.  You cannot just think about your fur and how pretty you look.   It is best not to worry about what others think.   Look at me Senorita.  My English and Spanish get mixed up all the time.  I make mucho grande mistakes, but what matters is that I try.  I don’t worry about what others say about my English.”

Guinevere tried to understand Pedro.  Her fur is too beautiful not to fuss over she thought.  She wondered if it would be better to concentrate on her eyelashes instead.  After all, they were much easier to take care of.

The next day when the group met, Guinevere kept her promise.  She arrived on time.   a pink bow hid her gray fur.   Rasmus took attendance and checked back packs.  Then they waved good bye to Coral Bell.   From Blueberry Lane, they scurried with excitement to the Peapack train station.

Toot.  Toot, toot.  “All aboard,” the conductor bellowed.   The boys hopped up into the train.   Guinevere was next.  Her little legs were short.  She took a running leap on the step.  Oops.  Ouch.  Ow.  Her pink bow unfurled and got caught on the train track.   “Tilly, Tilly please help me.  I cannot get on to the train, and Rasmus will be so mad.”

Toot.  Toot, toot.  The train signaled for departure.  It started to chug forward.

Rasmus thumped, “Guinevere, what are you doing?  Where are you?  What’s taking so long?”

Guinevere was in a panic.  Tilly quickly untied the tangled ribbon with her beak and helped little Guinevere up into the train.   “Oh Tilly, how does my fur look?   Is there dust on my eyelashes?”   Tilly does not like to tell a lie, but it was a mess again.   She promised to comb her fur on the long train ride to Philadelphia.   There would be plenty of time to fix a pretty pink bow too.

The ambassadors enjoyed a scenic train ride from Peapack.  The train rolled over hill and dale until they reached Philadelphia.   It was a busy city.  No sign of wild blueberries or fresh hay here.   Since they were guests of honor, they stayed overnight at each shelter they visited.  They had plenty to eat, and shared their Small Pet Select snacks with new friends.

They met bunnies, chinchillas, ferrets, birds, guinea pigs, and other pocket pets in need of homes.   They worked hard to promote adoption from shelters. They talked of the importance of adopting old and sick animals.  They championed for all who needed a home, a warm bed or bird cage to call their own.  They told stories of how it makes a difference to be loved and feel secure.  Guinevere even gave lessons on grooming and fur styling.

When they returned to Blueberry Lane Farm, Coral Bell was eager to hear about their trip.   As they shared their stories with Coral Bell, they realized they learned new lessons in Philadelphia.

Pedro learned confidence.  He could speak in front of strangers and not be nervous.

Rasmus learned to appreciate passion for being brave and speaking up for what is right.

Tilly learned the importance of helping a friend in need and how it made her feel good about herself.

Guinevere learned she is loved for who she is, even if her fur is a mess or her eyelashes are dusty.

They all learned that together they made a difference.  They learned that their messages made a difference, and many animals in need will receive the gift of a home to call their own.

The foursome agreed they will have the best summer vacation stories to tell when they return to school.

They were happy to be back home at Blueberry Lane Herb Farm, a place they could call home, happy to be a family, and grateful to enjoy their Small Pet Select meals together.

The end.

 

Be on the lookout for our next quarterly installment… coming this fall!

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Why Does My Rabbit Eat Poop?

Why rabbits eat poop

Everyone needs a snack sometimes. Rabbits just need snacks ALL the time. Luckily, they have a built in hors d'oeuvre dispenser. No, really. Rabbits eating their own poop are completely normal, and it’s actually healthy. You, however, should probably stick with the real raisins.

Where does all that hay go?

Rabbits are herbivores, which means they are basically the strictest vegans around town. They dine exclusively on plant material. Rabbits use a process called hind gut fermentation to break down their high-fiber diet into material the body can digest. Indigestible fiber is far from useless. Fiber in your rabbit’s diet is essential to keeping the digestive system moving.

Rabbits have a caecum that contains lots of fancy enzymes and bacteria. ​Food will make a pit stop here when it needs to be broken down further. This is where the indigestible fiber is transformed into nutrients a rabbit’s body can digest. But, it doesn’t always happen right here. It may need to make one more trip through the digestive tract first. 

Meet caecotrophs

Material that is digested in the small intestine the first go-around makes a predictable exit in the litter box. Those that are up for round two, however, get re-ingested. You may not even see them, but rather see your rabbit reach around for a quick morsel.

Caecotrophs are small, round, moist droppings. AKA special poops. These pelleted treats are coated with a layer of rubbery mucus​ that wraps around a large mass of beneficial ​bacteria. When the bunny ​eats the caecotroph, the ​coating of mucus helps protect the bacteria ​as it travels through the tummy on the way back to home base. This time, the nutrients can be properly absorbed and utilized by your rabbit's body. 

​Your rabbit instinctively knows the difference between caecal pellets and feces. You may not even see the coveted, nutrient-packed delicacies, because rabbits tend to scoop them up right away. This process is essential to good digestive health and absorption of nutrients.  

​Keeping things in working order

​If your bun is needing too many booty baths lately, the soft caecotrophs may be starting to form a ​mushy consistency, creating a hind-end mess. This is not normal and can be caused by the intestines slowing down. A lack of fiber, too many carbohydrates or sugar, or an underlying illness can cause the delicate balance of bacteria in the caecum to become disrupted. If you're already offering a proper diet, see if there is another reason your rabbit may have lost enthusiasm for his hay. Is he hurting? Is he stressed? The digestive process should correct itself once the underlying cause is addressed.

​Remember, eating "poop" is normal (although now you know it's poser poop). Overly soft droppings and an empty litter box are not, and may warrant a rabbit-savvy vet visit. 


References:

https://rabbit.org/disorders-of-the-cecum/​

http://articles.extension.org/pages/61402/the-digestive-system-of-the-rabbit

http://www.vetstreet.com/our-pet-experts/why-does-my-rabbit-eat-his-poop

http://www.bio.miami.edu/hare/poop.html

Traveling with Small Pets

how to travel with small animals

Guinea pigs and rabbits aren’t known for their adventurous spirits. Small animals are easily stressed by a change in scenery. If you’re taking a brief vacation, they’d probably prefer to sit this one out. If possible, let them enjoy a staycation with a trusted friend, family member, or pet sitter. There are times, however, when traveling with small pets is unavoidable. Short trips, such as a journey to the vet, are manageable for most small animals. This is even good practice for longer car rides. Major travel, like a cross country move, requires extra precautions to make for a smooth transition.

Practice makes perfect

Small animals can find changes to their surroundings upsetting. Car rides can be scary, especially if they aren’t used to traveling. Start with short trips, even just 10 minutes, to help train your pet for the big event. If the cage or carrier is going directly on the floor of the vehicle, putting down some towels underneath can help to minimize vibrations. Making the adventure enjoyable, perhaps with some treats, certainly won’t hurt.

Safety first

For shorter trips, a few hours or less, the safest transportation option is a hard-sided pet carrier. This is one of the only times when smaller is better! You want your rabbit to be able to comfortably stand and turn around, of course, but the less room there is to slide about in the event of a sudden stop or accident will minimize the chances of injury. Bonus points if you can strap it down for extra security. For longer trips, a cage may be a better choice to accommodate a litter pan. This can also give your rabbit a comfortable place to call her own if stopping overnight at a hotel with unfamiliar smells and sounds.

Not too hot, not too cold

Goldihops is especially sensitive to changes in temperature, including drafts. Keeping the travel cage or carrier as close to you as possible will allow you to monitor the temperature best. You don’t want to expose them to too much direct sunlight or put them right in the blast from the cold air conditioning. Covering some of the cage with a blanket or towel will keep out drafts, as well as potentially spooky lights from oncoming traffic. Never, no matter what the temperature outside, leave your rabbit unattended in a vehicle. Traveling with small pets and sit-down meals just don’t mix.

Water woes

There is no way around this one. All water bottles WILL leak and all bowls WILL spill in the car. Traditional water containers are a no-go for traveling with small pets. Instead, offer water at every pit stop and keep unflavored Pedialyte® and syringes on hand in case of suspected dehydration. Guinea pigs that are too frightened to drink during potty breaks may be enticed into munching on some hydrating melon, celery, or cucumber slices. Keeping a small cooler full of water-rich veggies can keep your pet both hydrated and distracted during travel.

Take it slow

Your guinea pigs and rabbits probably won’t be game for an all-nighter. Stopping overnight will allow them to decompress a bit as well as eat and drink regularly – super important – to get ready for round two. Hay should be available 24/7 in the travel cage, but it isn’t unusual if they don’t eat much on the road. Small animals may refuse to chow down in the car, and going too long without high-fiber food moving through can be dangerous. Adding a few extra hours, or even days, to the journey is worthwhile to make sure your pet is given enough opportunity to eat as normally as possible.

Bentley NEVER forgets his hay when he travels.

Rabbits, guinea pigs and chinchillas need a special kind of pet sitter.

thank you sign

Your friend is special.  Different.  Not quite like the other “typical” house pets out there.  Your friend needs a special kind of pet sitter.  So when you go away, it can be a monumental effort to find a great in-home caregiver.  

Pay attention to how the potential caregiver greets your rabbit.  Does he or speak softly, and move slowly?  Do they try to touch or (EEEK!) pick your rabbit up?  Or do they get down on the floor and sit quietly, waiting for your friend to come and see if they are rabbit-worthy?  Do they stay still after the initial exploratory sniffs, or do they get “busy hands” and try to touch your rabbit?  Do they make little rabbit soothing, friendly noises?  Do they speak rabbit?

rabbit rescue, pet sitters, petsitter, house rabbit

photo credit: the Bunny Hut

There are some things ALL pet sitters should be able to tell you:

What happens if they are in a car accident, or get sick?  Hey it happens.  We all need to be realistic, and make sure there are strategies in place.  Who does the visits, how does all the information get transferred to the substitute, and how are the keys handed over to that substitute? 

What if the pet sitter accidentally locks themselves out, or drops the keys down an elevator shaft?  How will they get in to take care of your animal at the right time?

travelling, pet sitter, choosing pet sitter, finding a pet sitter

How does the pet sitter store and guard your security information (alarm codes, security company names)?  Putting this kind of info on paperwork that can be lost or left behind at another house is not a good plan.  Paper is not secure.  Look for someone who has a better system in place.  You don’t want your info left by mistake on someone else’s kitchen counter.

Will you get a journal of daily notes about what went on each day?

finding pet sitter for rabbit, finding pet sitter for guinea pig, finding pet sitter for chinchilla

photo credit: Marty Lefkoe

Is the pet sitter insured if anything is broken?

Will that pet sitter do all the visits, or will other employees be in and out of your home?  Who are these other people?  How are they screened, and trained?

Is there a guaranteed window of time for each visit, so that your animal gets dinner at the regular time? (This can be important to avoid GI upset!  Remember how important it is to make sure your rabbit never ever runs out of fresh hay.)

What will be done each and every time?  Are there things the pet sitter will only do every few days?

How long will the sitter stay with your animal?

In case of the need for veterinary care, is an authorization included in the paperwork? (Most hospitals won’t treat an animal brought in by anyone other than the owner.  A conscientious pet-sitter has a release form allowing them to act for you, and the payment arrangements for the vet, included already in paperwork you will sign.)

For our little friends, we have to ask some additional questions. Never worry about asking too much or getting too detailed.  A great pet sitter will be not only happy to talk to you about all of it, but proud to show you that they’ve thought of everything and have it all covered.  There are a lot of hobby pet sitters out there, and although this might be OK for a mid-day dog walk, it is not at all OK to care for a delicate small animal while you are out of town.  Don’t settle.

Make sure a potential care giver can answer these things:

What is EC and what are the signs? (Correct answer: muscle weakness in hind end, oddly turned neck, lethargy, not eating as much, and so on)

What are the signs of shock, and what would you do?  (Correct answer: fast, shallow breathing, pale gums, possibly head thrown back, ears and paws cool.)

What would the pet sitter do if your animal quit eating for one day?  (Correct answer: try to call you, but get animal to the vet right away.)

What are the two biggest signs of an EMERGENCY? (Correct answer: not eating, shock.)

Where would the pet sitter take your animal if an emergency occurs?  Is there a doctor there who specializes in exotics?

How much out-of-pen time will your animal get each day?

Is your pet sitter willing to pick up fresh greens every three days for your animal?  (Correct answer: SURE!  I’ll just add the time to your invoice.  I go by several stores in my travels every day and it won’t take long at all.  Do you want only organic produce?  Do you have a list of certain greens?)

Is your pet sitter able to do some extra things, like clip nails?

With answers to all of the above, you can now find the perfect caregiver for your friend, and that means you can relax while you are away.  We all need a break, and it isn’t any fun if you are not confident that your little one is doing fine. There are truly great pet sitters out there…take your time to find the right one.

pet sitter, pet-sitter, petsitter

 photo credit: The Rabbit Whisperer NYC

Big hint: some rescues do offer boarding care with volunteer fosters as a way of raising money for the rescue.  This is terrific for everyone: your animal is with someone who knows their stuff and is associated with a rescue, so has a good network of help should trouble arise.  Rabbit Wranglers, in the Pittsburgh PA area, is a really well-done example of such a program.  Look in your own area, and you may find something similar.

Another Big Hint: if you think your animal may be stressed without you there, consider some Zen Tranquility while you are away.  It can help sooth nerves and calm anxiety.

You may also choose to board your rabbit.  Check out this post about how to choose a great boarding spot!

Can My Rabbit Catch My Cold?

can rabbits catch a cold

There are around 200 viruses that cause symptoms that we humans refer to as "having a cold." When we're sick, we don't really care which one did us wrong. Have you ever gone to the doctor for a cold to be told that rest, fluids, and TLC was all they could prescribe? In due time, viruses will run their course and you'll feel good as new. (But we hope you at least got a doctor's note for a day of rest.)

Most (but not all) viruses are species-specific. That means the chance of you - or any other human - passing a virus to your rabbit isn't worth stressing over. There isn't a viral equivalent in the rabbit universe to the group of viruses that causes most of our colds.

That being said, viruses aren't the only bad guys at play every time we feel under the weather. 

Can rabbits get a cold?

Rabbits don't get colds in the same sense that we do. Pasteurella multocida is a bacterial organism that likes to take over in eyes, ears and nose, and can even cause abscesses. Gunky noses, crusty eyes, sneezing, and labored breathing in rabbits is usually a result of a bacterial infection. This is an important distinction. While it means rabbits are mostly safe from falling victim to our viruses, it also means their upper respiratory infections aren't going to get better with TLC alone.

A rabbit showing symptoms of a respiratory illness needs to see an exotic veterinarian for appropriate treatment. Upper respiratory infections can be caused by different types of harmful bacteria. Unlike the viruses that cause most human colds, these bacteria are more likely to get worse than better if left to their own devices in a rabbit's body. A simple URI can go south quickly and turn into something more serious, like pneumonia. Your vet will probably prescribe a rabbit-safe antibiotic for at least ten days to knock out the bad bacteria and keep it from returning. A doctor's note for a few days of rest won't hurt either. 

What about the flu?

More good news here. The groups of viruses that cause human influenza don't translate to any bunny boogers. Multi-species households, however, take note: Ferrets are an exception! Ferrets and humans can pass the flu virus back and forth.

"Snuffles" is the catch-all term to describe the rabbit version of the human cold or flu. Again, these symptoms are probably a result of bacteria. The types of bacteria most commonly cultured from rabbit nasal discharge are Pseudomonas aeruginosa,Bordetella bronchiseptica, and Staphylococcus aureus. If no lab tests don't show one of these (or other) bacteria, however, it doesn't mean your rabbit has caught your flu or cold virus. A foreign body or dental problem can first present as a chronic runny nose or eyes.

So, can rabbits Become sick from humans?

Rabbits are highly susceptible to herpes simplex virus (HSV), which causes cold sores in humans. Aside from this though, current research shows the chances of transmitting disease from humans to rabbits is minimal to non-existent. Viruses look for certain receptor molecules to attach to like a lock and key; rabbits don't have the right receptors to be impacted by the viruses that cause our common colds (lucky ducks ... or buns).

The truth is, though, there isn't conclusive research that says human bacteria definitely ... 100% ... without a doubt ... CAN'T make a rabbit sick. Can rabbits not catch human illnesses, or do we not yet recognize how it presents in rabbits or think to look for these connections? Until the relationship between how bacteria affects humans and rabbits is more conclusive, it won't hurt to keep your distance until you've been on antibiotics for 24 hours and start to feel better. Hand washing before and after handling your rabbit is always a good idea.  

In the vast majority of cases, there is no need to worry you'll cause your rabbit to become ill when you're sick. Rest easy and binky on.


References and Related Reading: 

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0089055

https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-pet/rabbits-infectious-disease

https://www.vetstream.com/pennardvets/html/Factsheets/Otherpets/24_286507.asp